The Fourth Amendment

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

These rights—articulated in the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution—together with the other provisions of the Bill of Rights, sustain our liberties, respect our human dignity, and prevent America from ever becoming a police state.  The Fourth Amendment balances liberty with security, a balance that is critical whether one be libertarian, liberal, or conservative.  It is cherished by all freedom-loving Americans.

If you wish to learn more, you of course might just Google.  But you could do worse than checking out the sites below.  (As always, remember that if you have a particular question about a specific situation, you need to hire an attorney licensed to practice in your jurisdiction who can provide you legal guidance.  You can’t get legal advice from this site, from any of the sites listed below, or from anywhere else on the public internet.)


Information From…

United States Courts

National Constitution Center

The Judicial Learning Center

The Heritage Foundation

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)

Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)


Recent 4th Am Cases…

FourthAmendment.com